DANCE, THAT EXPRESSION OF ART USES AS FIRST COMMUNICATION TOOL THE BODY. OVER THE CENTURIES THIS ART HAS ALWAYS BEEN A MIRROR OF SOCIETY, THOUGHT AND HUMAN BEHAVIOR.
THE DANCE CAN BETTER EXPRESS OUR FEELINGS THROUGH THE BODY LANGUAGE, WHERE EVERY MOVEMENT IS NOT PERFORM ONLY WITH ARMS AND LEGS, BUT ALSO WITH THE MIND AND HEART
“Learning to walk set you free. Learning to dance gives you the greatest freedom of all: express with your whole being the person you are.” (Melissa Hayden) Everyone in our lives can be said that have danced to better express what sometimes you can’t say with words. The dance is diverse like as various the kinds of this, let’s find out some types of dance that will lead us to discover more and more how this art can be magnificent:
A // ACROBATIC
A type of dance, with its own character and sports choreography that combines acrobatic elements of artistic gymnastics at the choreographic movements of classical ballet, modern and contemporary to give rhythm, harmony, plasticity joined to the expressiveness of the body. The key feature of this discipline is an harmonious union of dance and acrobatic movement: a flowing passage that with the elegance and the rhythm of the dance, makes the choreography dynamic, plastic and more enchanting.
B // BREAKDANCE
Break dancing is a type of acrobatic dance of the hip hop culture developed from youth African-American and Latino communities. Since the eighties, the b-boying has diffused around the world, evolving his technique with moves more and more spectacular, associating his practice to a real lifestyle. The dancers put in circle invent or renew moves, performing them in tune with the Hip Hop music. The braking is exactly half way between a street dance and a academic ballet. The break dancers inspire from the real life carry on his artistic research reinterpreting African socio-cultural practices in a contemporary vision.
C // CONTACT IMPROVISATION
Contact improvisation is a dance technique that was founded by a group of New Yorkers dancers in the early seventies.It ‘a ballet in which the points of physical contact between at least two dancers, become the starting point for an exploration made of improvised movements, in a search for a new possibility for the physical and sensory contact. It’s based on reciprocal trust and fluidity, placing its study keys on the interaction between physical and human laws. Priority is given to listening and trust between partners: dancers must be available to pick up the movements of the partners, who must adapt their motions and change of positions reciprocally.
D // DISCO
This type of dance was born like a musical genre that contains elements of funk, soul, pop and psychedelic music in the seventies. The Disco dance was also a reaction to the dance tag during this period.The iconic club for the disco was the famous Studio 54 in New York, with its jest-set stars was able to bring the disco dance to us. In group or individual thanks to the music each time our body is free to show with new dances by the beat of the background.
E // EST COAST SWING
The east coast swing is a type of dance born in the middle between the seventies and eighties thanks to the influence of swing, rock and roll and boogie-woogie. L’ east coast swing can be defined by many different names according to different regions of the United States and the world. It’s a rhythmic dance that ranges from six to eight steps, sets a vehicle of comparison for the artists in the dance halls. The rhythm leads the dancers to move quickly, in an exuberant dance, with a great communication between the bodies.
The finger tutting is a type of dance that involves with complex movements your fingers. This dance uses angular movements that remember the Egyptian hieroglyphics. A dance definitely strange and uncommon, which is enjoying a huge success in our contemporary world. The use of articulated fingers and arms of these young contortionists lead to identify these movements as a real dance.
G // GOTIPUA
This dance was born in the sixteenth century in Odisha, eastern India. This type of dance evokes the folk style traced on sacred dances dedicated to the worship of God Jagannath by Mahari dancers. Women wear bells to the ankles for highlight the beats of the music. The palms and soles are painted with a red liquid. The peculiarity of this art is that the male and female performers are made up and dressed in order to take on a essentially female aspect. The bodies of dancers move to the beat dance steps for transporting us to a new cultural vision.
H // HIP HOP
Hip-hop is a discipline that includes many forms of dance; born in our streets today it’s one of the most spectacular forms of art widely practiced. The focus of this discipline is on the freestyle, It’s to dance freely improvising without choreography. Hip Hop has different origins, is a culture that has its roots in the dance of African tribes, the Chinese martial arts, the Brazilian Capoeira, in a typical multi-ethnic melting pot of American ghettos of the seventies. The hip hop dance became popular because it permits to reach the respect through a different expression from the use of force in regulating the disputes between rival gangs.
I // INTERPRETATIVE
The Interpretive dance is an art form that continues the revolution carried out by the American modern dance and German expressionism in favor of new bodily expressions, which sometimes include acting, in some cases it is called dance-theater. Experimentation leads to the research of a different daily body and idealization of the perfect body created by the tradition of academic classical ballet. The bodies, gestures and body movements of the dancers draw new spaces and geometries in the air. The key to this dance is the constant search of love, joy of life, eros in the desire of the two bodies that dancing intertwine.
J // JAZZ
Jazz dance dates back to the fifties. The term jazz dance is refers to the styles that originated from African American dance. This type of ballet originally was configured purely as a tap dance, gradually it has evolved over time to invest different social groups and existing styles. This dance is seen as an art in continuous evolution since it’s united to changes in the culture. The essential principles of this dance are the energy and improvisation. The expressive movements composed by rhythm, jumps and falls are a choreographed source for the dance.
The Kizomba is one of the most popular genres of dance born in the eighties in Angola. Emerged like a dance and a musical niche genre, came up to us with a sensual touch mixed with an African rhythm. This type of dance is characterized by a slow and romantic beats which combines and mixes the best Tango, Milonga and Compas. This dance quickly became beloved for the position with which the dancers unleash their bodies to the rhythm of dance steps.
L // LINDY HOP
The Lindy Hop is a swing African American dance born in Harlem at the turn of the twenties and thirties. This ballet is danced mainly in couple and his choreography is made 8 times. The steps must be extremely precise and perfectly in sync with the music. The Lindy Hop includes acrobatics and elements derived from the Charleston, tip tap, from the shag and the cakewalk. This dance has been defined as a true mass phenomenon, where hundreds of dancers without discrimination of race filed the ballroom in America , performing in a true example of cultural integration between whites and blacks. Lindy Hop draws from traditions of African and European dance. From then until now is a dance widely practiced by fans of the genre.
M // MODERN
Modern dance includes the entire evolution of ballet. From the late nineteenth century in the dance is developed the need to re-search a greater creative freedom and expression. This dance is able to give voice to the personality of the dancer and was inspired by countries around the world, looking for new creative ideas. A free dance, that expressing the body and emotions, where the dance means: expressiveness, harmony and interpretation. Soul and body are intertwined in movements that describe a choreographic design. Movement and dance: a magical encounter that develops passion with the music rhythm!
N // NEOCLASSIC
The neo-classical dance is a style of classical ballet which was born in the twentieth century in America. The neoclassical dance makes use of the traditional technical knowledge of the choreographic academic language with more freedom. This dance with new steps and figures, allows a greater flexibility movement of the upper body. The neo-classical dance makes use of academic language using forms similar to those of modern dance. This style is extremely simplified compared of the romantic majesty and it ensures that the movement of the dancers return to be the main communication vehicle of the artistic ballet.
O // OPERA BALLET
The opera-ballet is a kind of dance performance that originated and diffusion in France. This kind of dance is characterized by alternating vocals and dancing choreography. The title of the ballet represents the opera and provides a common thread to the various dances on stage. The magnificent costumes on the stage, majestic dance moves, figures that appearing each time different that with soar enhance their bodies, intricate or romantic plots to enter more and more into contact with the magical world of dance.
P // POLE
The pole dance is a mix of gymnastics and dance with the pole. This type of dance is based on performing very difficult acrobatic figures, requiring considerable skills of strength, agility, coordination, deftness, flexibility and endurance. This dance has developed in North America in the twenties. This art has taken form thanks to the influences of the circus in North America, which even used to dance with poles of the tents for realizing great shows. Women dancing gracefully in the air, twisting their bodies to the music, a contemporary vision for a dance that is labeled like the most female acrobatic dance.
Q // QUICKSTEP
The quickstep is a British dance originally born in the twenties by a combination of foxtrot, Charleston, Shag, Peabody and the one-step. This dance has evolved gradually, quick steps, leaps and spins dictate the dance. Unlike the modern Foxtrot, the man often opens his feet and steps are regular. The quick step evolved from the foxtrot, the rhythm of this dance is lively because it was born at a time when jazz ruled who gave him the music and rhythms.
R // RUMBA
The rumba was born from the union of some African and Spanish rhythms. This dance was born in Cuba in 1978, in a context of misery and desire for redemption.The musical instruments used were purely recovered from the everyday life. The language signs is the essential key of this dance in fact the rumba was born like a courtship dance and love.
S // SLOW DANCE
The slow dance can not be in our alphabet. The slow dance is a two-in which a couple dancing slowly, swaying to the music. The couple in this ballet swaying back and forth with the music, taking the time to one of the most romantic dances ever. The couple joined together during the dance, performing synchronous movements in unison making it one thing and making simple or complex shapes that create something extraordinary and hypnotic.
T // TWIST
The Twist is a dance that is traced back to the nineties, danced in West Africa. The dance had its evolution during the twentieth century and spread in such a way as to become a mass dance. The Twist is a musical genre and a type of dance that was born thanks to the Jazz, who was born in the United States. The name of this dance takes up the song of 1958 “The Twist” by Hank Ballard. The execution of this dance is based on repetitive movements and equal for both men and women, the essence of this dance is a persistent “twist” and snake leg, alternating toe and heel, and vice versa .
U // URBAN
The urban dance style has evolved beyond the traditional dance schools, in open spaces such as streets, dance party, parties, school yards and more. The dances choreography created by the dancers are based on improvisation dictated by music in the background like Rap and Hip-Hop. A dance that has always defined social for its ability to bring people, in fact, is fundamental for this dance the contact with spectators and the other dancers. Over the years this dance has evolved in a real underground culture becoming almost a modern folk dance. The music was catchy, appealing, and the ease with which you could dance did everything else.
V // VERTICAL
Vertical dance is an artistic hybrid practice applied to several types of vertical surfaces, in a set of dance and techniques of rock climbing. It owes its origins to the figure of Trisha Brown in the seventies, she puts the climbing harness to a dancer and made him walk on the facade of a 7-storey building at No. 80 Wooster Street in Manhattan. This unconventional dance, brings the body of the dancers to be in contact with the wall and architecture of the air together, linked bodies floating and dancing in the air. In the vertical dance are essential the movements, which are related with the force of gravity and the perpendicular size of the body respect to the vertical plane support.
X // XIBELIANI
The xibeliani dance originated in the north of South Africa. Initially this dance was a way for girls to express pride in their cultural heritage. This female dance was performed with a skirt called “tinguvu” which amplified the movements and made it more voluminous the hips for emphasizing their fertility. The music that accompanies this dance is special and unique.
Y // YABLOCHKO
A style of dance, born in Russia, which is also traditionally presented as the dance of the sailors. This dance comes from a traditional Russian song. The first appearance of this dance choreography took place in 1926 in the ballet known as “The Red Poppy”, but known in the West as “Dance of the Russian sailors.” This dance started quietly was taken by many companies for an international audience worldwide.
Z // ZOUK
Zouk is a couple dance, which is a mix of rhythms, music and African, Caribbean and Europe styles. This dance was born in the eighties in the Antilles. It exploded and became famous in Paris, in Cape Verde, in the French Antilles and Africa, and then spread to the north of Europe. In this dance embraces partners and it moves with a hip movement more pronounced than in a slow dance. Zouk has precise rules and can be interpreted according to their state of mind. Zouk leads to an alternation between body and figures in a dance where the harmony between the partners become important.